The United Methodist Church was formed in 1968 with the union of the
former Evangelical United Brethren Church and The Methodist Church.
The Evangelical United Brethren Church, established in 1946,
represented the union of two U.S.-born denominations: the Evangelical
Church and the Church of the United Brethren in Christ. These two churches
originated among German-speaking people during the great spiritual
awakening in late 18th-century colonies. The two fellowships and The
Methodist Church were similar, particularly in terms of church polity and
Jacob Albright of Eastern Pennsylvania was a lay preacher who gathered
a number of followers in the early 1800s. These "Albright
people" formed the Evangelical Association, later to become the
Evangelical Church. The Rev. Philip Otterbein, ordained by the German
Reformed Church, started the United Brethren Movement in the late 1700s.
Meanwhile, the Methodist movement had begun in England in the early
1700s, under Anglican minister John Wesley and his followers. Wesley did
not officially organize a new church but sparked a renewal movement within
the Church of England. Nonetheless, Methodism spread from England to
Ireland and the colonial United States.
Methodist classes and congregations met in the United States from the
1760s. Around Christmas 1784, some 60 ministers gathered in Baltimore and
organized the Methodist Episcopal Church, with the word "episcopal"
referring to the church's administration by bishops. The denomination grew
rapidly and was known for its "circuit rider" ministers on the
With rapid growth, philosophical differences and division was
inevitable. In 1828 a group of persons, largely moved by an insistence on
lay representation, separated and became The Methodist Protestant Church.
In 1844, the parent church split again over the issue of slavery. The
offspring denomination was the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. The
North and South factions reunited in 1939, but a racially segregated
system was the compromise. Alongside the five geographic jurisdictions, an
overlapping Central Jurisdiction was formed for African Americans. Legal
separation within the church was ended in 1968 with the merger of the
Methodist and Evangelical United Brethren Churches.
More detailed information about the history of the United Methodist
Church is available in the Historical
Statement available at the United Methodist Information web site.